1. Shinbutsu bunri - the separation of Shinto and Buddhism

    Religion Shinbutsu bunri - the separation of Shinto and Buddhism

    Historically, the term "shinbutsu bunri" (神仏分離) refers to the policy of the Meiji government (1868-1912) of separating Shintō and Buddhism in order to re-establish the divine status of the emperor as prescribed by Shintō belief. Some members of the Meiji government were influenced by kokugaku...
  2. Early Japanese Railways 1853-1914

    History Early Japanese Railways 1853-1914

    Early Japanese Railways 1853-1914 is a cultural and engineering history of railway building in Japan during the Meiji era. The importance of early railways in the industrialization of the United States and Europe is a fact all of us are familiar with. To witness the amazing parallel development...
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    Books covering Meiji history of Kyushu?

    I've had nothing but good replies on this forum so far, so figured I'd come to youse again with another question. :) Could anyone recommend some books (in English) that deal with the history of Kyushu over the course of the Meiji period? I'm particularly interested in it's history around the...
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    Question about Meiji maritime history

    Hello everyone! I'm sorry if this question is too specific, my mates who are in to history don't know much about this particular topic so I thought I'd ask a bit online, and this site looks like a friendly discussion place. :) I'm just curious to know if there were examples, or even if it would...
  5. Fukuzawa Yukichi

    Fukuzawa Yukichi

    Fukuzawa Yukichi, the great Japanese educator and modernizer (ca. 1887)
  6. Fukuzawa Yukichi

    Fukuzawa Yukichi

    Fukuzawa Yukichi with the daughter of the photographer; San Francisco 1860.
  7. Fukuzawa Yukichi

    Fukuzawa Yukichi

    Fukuzawa Yukichi, Japan's great educator and moderniser; picture taken in Paris in 1862.
  8. 10,000-yen note

    10,000-yen note

    A Japanese 10,000-yen note displaying Fukuzawa Yukichi, Japan's great educator, writer, and modernizer
  9. Fukuzawa Yukichi

    Biographies Fukuzawa Yukichi

    Fukuzawa Yukichi (福澤諭吉, 1835-1901) was a prominent educator, writer, and propagator of Western knowledge during the Meiji Period (1868-1912), founder of Keio Gijuku (慶應義塾, a private college, later Keio University), of Japan's first daily newspaper Jiji Shinpō (時事新報), and introduced the art of...
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    Translation needed (Wikipedia graphic Meiji constitution)

    Hello I was looking for schematics about the political system during the Meiji restoration. The only good one I found is the one on the Japanese Wikipedia-site. There is just one problem: I am from Switzerland and I am totally struggling with the translation. Due to the fact that I am very...
  11. Meiji-Mura Museum

    Travel Meiji-Mura Museum

    The Meiji-Mura museum (博物館明治村 Hakubutsukan Meiji-mura) is an open-air museum located in Inuyama City, north of Nagoya, overlooking the picturesque Lake Iruka. It comprises sixty-seven buildings and structures dating mainly from the Meiji era (1868-1912): Western-inspired buildings such the main...
  12. Genro

    History Genro

    Genrō (元老, lit. the original elders”) was the unofficial designation given to the “founding fathers” or elder statesmen of Meiji Japan (1868-1912) who became chief advisers to the emperor with the right to select and recommend prime ministers to the emperor for appointment. Historians agree that...
  13. Komatsu Tatewaki

    Biographies Komatsu Tatewaki

    Also known under the name Komatsu Kiyokado (小松清廉), Tatewaki (小松帯刀, 1835-1870) was born as the third son to Kimotsuki Kiire (肝付兼善), a high-ranking retainer of the Satsuma domain with an annual rice stipend of 5,500 koku (石), and was later adopted by Komatsu Kiyoshi (小松清), another retainer of the...
  14. Terashima Munenori

    Biographies Terashima Munenori

    Born into a samurai family from Akune City, Satsuma domain (modern-day Kagoshima Prefecture), Terashima (寺島宗則, 1832-1893) studied rangaku (蘭学, “Dutch studies” consisting of Dutch language and European sciences) in Edo and specialised in Western medicine. In 1856, he was appointed a personal...
  15. Godai Tomoatsu

    Biographies Godai Tomoatsu

    Godai Tomoatsu (五代友厚, 1836-1885), also known as Godai Saisuke, was born in the castle town of Kagoshima, Satsuma domain (modern-day Kagoshima Prefecture), as the second son of Takashi Shigeru Saemon (左衛門秀尭), a local magistrate holding the hereditary title of atai (直, regional administrator) and...
  16. Kojima Iken

    Biographies Kojima Iken

    Kojima Iken (児島惟謙, 1837-1908), also known as Kojima Korekata (児島惟謙), was born in the Uwajima Domain (宇和島藩 Uwajima-han), Iyo Province (伊予国 iyo-no-kuni, modern-day Ehime Prefecture), into a family of samurai of the Uwajima clan. Separated from his biological mother at an early age, it is said that...
  17. Enomoto Takeaki

    Biographies Enomoto Takeaki

    Tokugawa admiral and Meiji statesman Enomoto Takeaki (榎本武揚, 1836-1908) was born in Edo into a family of gokenin, direct vassals of the Tokugawa shogun, and attended the prestigious Shōheikō (昌平校と藩学 Shōheizaka School and Domain Studies) academy. In 1853, he went to study rangaku (蘭学, “Dutch...
  18. Katsu Kaishu

    Biographies Katsu Kaishu

    Tokugawa retainer, Meiji politician and naval engineer Katsu Kaishū (勝海舟, 1823-1899) was born in Edo (江戸, in modern-day Sumida-ku, Tokyo). Throughout his life he used a lot of aliases and was also known as Katsu Rintarō (勝麟太郎), Katsu Yoshikuni (勝義邦), Awa (安房) from his title Awa-no-kami (安房守) and...
  19. Meiji Period

    History Meiji Period

    The Meiji Era (明治時代 1868-1912) designates the reign of the Meiji Emperor. During this time, Japan started its modernisation and rose to world power status. In 1867, 15-year old Mutsuhito succeeded his father, the Emperor Komei (孝明天皇, Kōmei-tennō), taking the title Meiji, meaning “enlightened...
  20. Kido Takayoshi

    Biographies Kido Takayoshi

    A Chōshū samurai and Meiji statesman Born in Hagi in the Chōshū Domain in 1833 to the samurai physician Wada Masakage (和田 昌景), who served the Hagi clan, Kido Takayoshi (木戸孝允, 1833-1877) was adopted into the Katsura family in 1840 and known as Katsura Kogorō (桂小五郎) until 1865. In Hagi, he...