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  1. Japanese Landscapes by Japonesca.

    Japanese Landscapes by Japonesca.

    I took those pictures of Japanese landscapes delighted by their sight. You can find more pictures in my web page (spanish).
  2. Beauty on the JR Train

    Beauty on the JR Train

    a beautiful lady with her kimono is seeing outside the window on the JR train
  3. Japanese Pronunciation

    Language Japanese Pronunciation

    Japanese pronunciation is comparatively easy to master. There are hardly any sounds in Japanese that don’t exist in English. Also, Japanese is not a tonal language like Chinese or Thai. The simplest way to describe the pronunciation is to use English pronunciation for the consonants and Italian...
  4. Honorific Suffixes

    Language Honorific Suffixes

    The Japanese language uses a broad array of honorific suffixes for addressing or referring to people, for example -san, as in Davey-san. These honorifics are gender-neutral (can be used for males and females), though some are more used for men or women (-kun is primarily used for men, while...
  5. Common Japanese Phrases

    Language Common Japanese Phrases

    Common Japanese Phrases This is an ever-growing collection of common and useful Japanese phrases. They aim at beginners of Japanese studies, travellers to Japan, and foreign residents alike. Each phrase includes the Japanese transcription and pronunciation. Chapter 1: Greetings Chapter 2...
  6. Useful Phrases and Expressions in Japanese

    Language Useful Phrases and Expressions in Japanese

    Below find a concise list of useful phrases and expressions you can use when travelling in Japan. Phrases--Yesはい。Hai.Noいいえ。IieThank you (informal)ありがとう。Arigatō.Thank you (more formal)ありがとうございます。Arigatō gozaimasu.Thanks for your help.お世話になりました。Osewa ni narimashita.Pleaseお願いします。Onegai shimasu.You...
  7. Japanese Grammar - Part 8

    Language Japanese Grammar - Part 8

    Auxiliary verbs All auxiliary verbs attach to a verbal or adjectival stem form and conjugate as verbs, but they differ from standard verbs in having no independent meaning. In modern Japanese there are two distinct classes of auxiliary verbs: Pure auxiliaries (助動詞 jodōshi) are usually just...
  8. Japanese Grammar - Part 7

    Language Japanese Grammar - Part 7

    Ancillary words Particles Particles in Japanese are postpositional—they immediately follow the modified component. A full listing of particles would be beyond the scope of this article, so only a few prominent particles are listed here. It should be noted that the pronunciation of some hiragana...
  9. Japanese Grammar - Part 6

    Language Japanese Grammar - Part 6

    Other independent words Adverbs Adverbs in Japanese are not as tightly integrated into the morphology as in many other languages. Indeed, adverbs are not an independent class of words, but rather a role played by other words. For example, every adjective in the continuative form can be used as...
  10. Japanese Grammar - Part 5

    Language Japanese Grammar - Part 5

    Euphonic changes (音便 onbin) Modern pronunciation is a result of a long history of phonemic drift that can be traced back to written records of the thirteenth century, and possibly earlier. However, it was only in 1946 that the Japanese ministry of education modified existing kana usage to...
  11. Japanese Grammar - Part 4

    Language Japanese Grammar - Part 4

    The copula だ (da) The copula da behaves very much like a verb or an adjective regarding conjugation. Stem forms of the copula-Attributive form (連体形 rentaikei)である (de aru)Terminal form (終止形 shūshikei)だ (da, informal)です (desu, polite)でございます (de gozaimasu, respectful)Continuative form ((連用形...
  12. Japanese Grammar - Part 3

    Language Japanese Grammar - Part 3

    Adjectives Japanese has two main classes of adjectives. Pure adjectives (形容詞 keiyōshi, aka. i-type adjective): these are very similar to verbs, having roots and conjugating stem forms. Adjectival nouns (形容動詞 keiyōdōshi, aka na-type adjective): these are grammatical nouns (though not...
  13. Japanese Grammar - Part 2

    Language Japanese Grammar - Part 2

    Conjugable words Stem forms Prior to discussing the conjugable words, a brief note about stem forms. Conjugative suffixes and auxiliary verbs are attached to the stem forms of the affixee. In modern Japanese, there are the following six stem forms. Terminal form (終止形 shuushikei) is used at the...
  14. Japanese Grammar - Part 1

    Language Japanese Grammar - Part 1

    Do you have a question relating to Japanese grammar or vocabulary? Please ask at the JREF Nihongo Forum! The Japanese language has a highly regular agglutinative verb morphology, with both productive and fixed elements. Typologically, its most prominent feature is topic creation: Japanese is...
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