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  1. Matsukata Masayoshi

    Biographies Matsukata Masayoshi

    Satsuma samurai and Meiji politician Matsukata (松方正義, 1835-1924) was born into a samurai family from Satsuma (present-day Kagoshima Prefecture), started to work as a bureaucrat in the domain administration and then studied western science and surveying in Nagasaki. Ōkubo Toshimichi and Saigō...
  2. Yamagata Aritomo

    Biographies Yamagata Aritomo

    Yamagata Aritomo (山県有朋, 1838-1922) was one of the seven members of the genrō, the group of senior statesmen who shaped modern Japan in and after the Meiji period. He is considered the father of the modern Japanese army and served twice as prime minister. His authoritarian views and autarchic...
  3. Inoue Kaoru

    Biographies Inoue Kaoru

    Chōshū samurai and senior Meiji politician Inoue Kaoru (井上薫, 1836-1915) was a senior member of the genrō, the political oligarchy of the Meiji period and yielded significant influence over the policies and political decisions of Meiji-era Japan. He was born into a gōshi (郷士, lower-ranking...
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