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  1. Kajiki Castle

    Castle Kajiki Castle

    Kajiki Castle (加治木城 Kajiki-jō) was a mountain castle in former Ōsumi Province (modern-day eastern Kagoshima Prefecture) which had been used from the Nanboku-chō Period (1336-1392) to the Sengoku Period. It is located on a plateau which pushes out southwest towards the Kajiki Plain (加治木の平), the...
  2. Matsushiro Castle

    Castle Matsushiro Castle

    Matsushiro Castle (松代城 Matsushiro-jō) is a "flatland castle" (平城 hirajiro) located in the south of the Nagano Basin, between two arms of Chikuma River. Fans of Takeda Shingen and Uesugi Kenshin might be more familiar with its moniker "Kaizu Castle" (海津城 Kaizu-jō). Shingen constructed Kaizu...
  3. Komoro Castle

    Castle Komoro Castle

    Komoro Castle (小諸城, Komoro-jō) is a hirayama-style castle located in Komoro, central Nagano Prefecture. It is unique as it is situated lower than the surrounding castle town. Komoro Castle is therefore known as Ana-jō (穴城, "Hole Castle"). The lowland along Chikuma River was fortified land...
  4. Tatsuoka Castle

    Castle Tatsuoka Castle

    Tatsuoka Castle (龍岡城 Tasuoka-jō) is located in Saku, Nagano Prefecture, and is the site of a pentagon-shaped bastion constructed in the Bakumatsu period, the final years of the Tokugawa shogunate. There are only two star-shaped fortresses in Japan, the other one being the Goryōkaku (五稜郭) Fort in...
  5. Taguchi Castle

    Castle Taguchi Castle

    Taguchi Castle (田口城 Taguchi-jō) is located in the Saku District of Nagano Prefecture and was the base of local Taguchi clan. The castle came under the rule of Takeda Shingen after his invasion into Saku in 1546. Taguchi Nagayoshi (田口長能) tried to resist the Takeda but was defeated in the Battle...
  6. Hiraga Clan Castle

    Castle Hiraga Clan Castle

    The Hiraga Clan Castle Site (平賀氏城跡 Hiraga-shi-jō seki) is located in Saku City, Nagano Prefecture. It was the residence of the local lord of the Saku district. At the end of the 12th century, Minamoto Moriyoshi, a son of Minamoto no Yoshimitsu (源義光, 1045-1127), became the lord of Hiraga Village...
  7. Uchiyama Castle

    Castle Uchiyama Castle

    Uchiyama Castle (内山城 Uchiyama-jō) is located in the mountains east of Saku City, Nagano Prefecture. The castle was most likely constructed in the early 16th century by the local Ōi (大井) clan who ruled the Saku district at that time. When Takeda Shingen (武田信玄, 1521-1573) invaded the Saku...
  8. Toishi Castle

    Castle Toishi Castle

    Toishi Castle (戸石城 or 砥石城) is located in modern-day Ueda City, Nagano Prefecture. The hilltop castle is known for being the location where Takeda Shingen (武田信玄, 1521-1573) suffered his greatest defeat, the "Toishi Rout" (砥石崩れ Toishikuzure). History It is not known when the castle was...
  9. Sanada Residence

    Castle Sanada Residence

    The Sanada Residence (真田氏館) was the headquarters of the Sanada clan before Ueda Castle was constructed. The site is located in the centre of Sanada Village, approximately 7 kilometres northeast of Ueda Castle. The village was also home to other hill-top castles, Toishi Castle or the Sanada Main...
  10. Ueda Castle

    Castle Ueda Castle

    Ueda Castle (上田城 Ueda-jō) is located in central Nagano Prefecture. It was the stronghold of the Sanada clan (真田氏 Sanada-shi) and withstood the onslaught of Tokugawa Ieyasu's armies twice. History Sanada Masayuki (真田安房守 昌幸, 1547-1611) built Ueda Castle along a branch of the Chikuma River in...
  11. Tatebayashi Castle

    Castle Tatebayashi Castle

    Tatebayashi Castle (館林城 Tatebayashi-jō) is a flatland castle located in Tatebayashi in southern Gunma Prefecture. As the land around the former castle grounds has been reclaimed, it is difficult to imagine what Tatebayashi Castle must have looked like. The main enclosure (本丸 honmaru), the...
  12. Nagoya Castle

    Castle Nagoya Castle

    Nagoya Castle (名古屋城 Nagoya-jō) ranks among the three greatest Japanese castles and was built after the Battle of Sekigahara (1600) by Tokugawa Ieyasu, as a defence against the Toyotomi who still had held significant power. Ieyasu appointed his son Yoshinao (徳川義直, 1601-1650), the founder of the...
  13. Kori-Nishiyama Castle

    Castle Kori-Nishiyama Castle

    Kōri-Nishiyama Castle (桑折西山城 Kōri-Nishiyama-jō) is located in modern-day Koori (桑折町 Koori-machi) in Fukushima Prefecture. It was constructed by the Date clan in the Sengoku Period and was designated a National Historic Site in 1990. The Date clan derived from Isa Tomomune, later known as Date...
  14. Ryozen Castle

    Castle Ryozen Castle

    Mount Ryōzen (霊山 Ryōzen) is located 20km east of Fukushima City. It is 825 metres tall and was the location of Ryōzen Temple, a centre of Buddhist learning in the Heian Period. The temple had been established by Ennin (圓仁 or 円仁, 793/4-864), also known by his posthumous name of Jikaku Daishi...
  15. Kageishi Castle

    Castle Kageishi Castle

    Kageishi Castle (景石城 Kageishi-jō) was located in former Inaba Province near the post station of Mochigase-shuku (用瀬宿) along Inaba Kaidō (因幡街道) at the confluence of Sendai River and Sajigawa River. Inaba Kaidō connected the province of Harima (modern-day Okayama Prefecture) with Tottori. The...
  16. Kawahara Castle

    Castle Kawahara Castle

    Kawahara Castle (河原城 Kawahara-jō) is a hilltop castle located in the former town of Kawahara-machi about 10 kilometres south of Tottori City at the confluence of the Sendai and the Hatto rivers. Kawahara-machi was merged into Tottori City in 2004. The castle is also known as Maruyama Castle...
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