What's new

Welcome to Japan Reference (JREF) - the community for all Things Japanese.

Join Today! It is fast, simple, and FREE!

で Vs を Vs に Vs へ: Part 2

This is a continuation from the previous part 1 about the same particles as before. In the first part, I made a single mistake so I would say it's going well so far.
and are very simple and never really cause any trouble at all.
and is where the "challenge" is I would say. I feel like there's still something I'm missing about their shared attributes which admittedly is nothing like は and が.

So let's continue where we left off, #11.
#11. 三日後「に」またここ「で」会いましょう。
① this is a frequency in time, .
② This is where the location where the verb'll take place. There was a similar example in part 1, .
Comment: Yes, got it.
#12. ロンドン「」行き飛行機は、何時「」空港「」出発しますか?
① "London" is a destination. Even if it's part of a noun clause, へ.
② I think it's a matter of indicates when an action takes place.
③ 空港 this means "airport". I'd say that's where an action takes place. But come to think of it, it indicates the point of departure, so を.

Comments: Yeah, I'm right. From now on, I'll leave comments unless I made a mistake. There's really no point in writing that I got it every time.
① The wallet is the direct of object of the transitive verb, 忘れる.
② "home" is where the wallet is forgotten. In this case, I'd be tempted to say で but I feel like there's some destination taking place here, so I'll go with に.

① That's a frequency so this one is easy.
② I thought about this one for quite a bit. The thing is that I think that's the starting point を but I'm not 100%.
③ That's just a means of transportation で.
④ Really, really not sure about this one. The highway is a way of going to work, isn't? It'd say で then. It looks weird to have two consecutive で there. Anyways, let's try that one.
⑤ 会社, the company, is the destination of 行く, going. So へ.
So yeah, I was wrong about the one I thought I was going to be wrong about. ④ was actually を. So I looked it up and found this: used with a verb of motion indicates that an action is continued at the place preceding it. So in other words, a transition. The highway is a transition to the final destination of 会社.
#15. 僕は夜中「」、洗面所「」、ゴキブリ「」見つけた。
① So midnight is temporal. Indicates the time where an action takes place, に.
② 洗面所, washroom, is spatial. I'd say that's where the action/verb took place, で.
③ ゴキブリ, cockroach, is an "object". So that's the direct object of see, を.
#16. 刈谷君はテスト「」百点「」取った。
Ok, this one is hard.
① テスト, a test, is modified here. It's not the direct object I don't think. I mean, the verb is 取る, to earn, "got" essentially. I'm going to go with に here in the sense that's an indirect object.
②を because I think it's the direct object of 取る but I'm really not sure.
Ok, so the first one was wrong but I got the second one. So the right answer is で. Not sure about this one. An answer/explanation is provided here by Toritoribe.
#17. 今日は寒いから、みんな「」一緒「」うちの中「」、ゲーム「」しましょう。
In this one, I had trouble figuring out 1 & 2 since they're very similar to my eyes. I know it's a matter of に vs で but it's partly guesswork here.
③に:I think this is the destination of the action, しましょう。
④を:direct object of しましょう。
So I got it right. It "felt" right for some reason, I sort of answered it instinctively. Still not sure about the difference between みんな and 一緒.
#18. 僕は、お昼「」食べ「」レストラン「」行って、そこ「」財布「」なくしてしまった。
① に:the time where an action took place.
② に:indicates the purpose of an action.
③ へ: destination.
④ で:There's no sense of direction here so it's just where the action took place.
⑤を:財布 is the direct object of the verb in this sentence, "to lose".
Simple mistake, I mistook お昼 for noon when it meant lunch, so it all makes sense now: を.
#19. わたしは妹と一緒「」デパート「」買物「」行きました。
① に:I think に can also be used in combination with an adverbial.
② へ: destination
③ を: I think it's the direct object of the verb.
I had the feeling (3) was wrong. So the right answer is に. It's once again the purpose of an action.
#20. あと「」デザート「」アイスクリーム「」食べましょう。
① に: This is weird. When I looked up あと in the dictionary, it said that あと meant afterwards. But this is clearly when an action will take place.
② に: purpose of an action.
③ を:"ice cream" is the direct object of eating.
So I'll need to ask about this one. It was like I said, で.


There are no comments to display.

Journal entry information

Last update

More entries in Blogroll

More entries from Zizka

Top Bottom